The color white has always played an important role in interior design. Romans in particular used white as a symbol for togetherness and relationships. Whilst Greek temples were predominantly colourful, Romans favoured whites and greys.
The white hall... A symbol of power and greatness
In terms of colours that represent political movements, the colour white is a symbol for absolute monarchy. This is detailed in the theory of colours for photographers. The history of architecture has many examples of this. Good examples of magnificent white halls can be found in Riga, the Würzburg Residenz, the Salzburg Residenz or Riegersburg Castle in Styria.
Let us simply think about the design of sacred rooms, the godly power. Here too white plays an important role as a tool for interior design. Be it the Basilika Sacré-Cœur in Montmartre or the Otto Wagner church in Steinhof. In both churches, large white (bright) areas emphasise the impact of altar paintings which are dominated by gold.
Example Bauhaus - The white floor in the villa Tugendhat
In the Bauhaus style, the colour white plays an important role in design, not only as an exterior colour, but also for the interior. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe chose an ebony white linoleum for the floor of the Villa Tugendhat in Brünn. The colour theme in the Villa Tugendhat is limited to a handful of clearly defined colourful objects and surfaces, whilst the remainder of the building is dominated by different shades of white.
The Villa is seen as one of the most important buildings and example of modern architecture in Europe.
Villa Tugendhat on archdaily.